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Who needs a Schengen Visa?

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The Schengen Convention is an agreement entered into in Schengen, Luxemburg, on 19 June 1990. This convention is on free movement of European citizens, within the European Union and within the EFTA area. However, the convention was not put into force until 26 March 1995, five years later.

Citizens of member countries thus benefit from open borders within the area. There are in fact 22 member states of the European Union, four member states of EFTA. Other non-EU countries are also members of the Schengen area. Any citizen can move freely or move to another Member State.

However, some European countries are not part of this convention. In addition to the United Kingdom, Romania, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Finland and Croatia are not among the signatories as yet While Britain stands on its line, the other countries plan to join the Schengen area. On the other hand, Norway, Iceland, Switzerland and Lichtenstein are also signatories to the convention while not being a member of the European Union. The latter therefore enjoy the same policy regarding freedom of movement.

Anyone from a Schengen country may move around as they please without any control at international borders. However, in the event that an individual threat to the Area arises, the competent authorities are all capable of carrying out a police check. The checkpoint may be placed at any border area. However, such control is in no way equivalent to border control procedures.

For any travel within the Schengen area, a visa must be issued to any citizen of a non-Member State. This visa is more commonly referred to as the “Schengen visa.” Here is the list of countries where a Schengen visa is mandatory:

AFGHANISTAN GAMBIE NIGERIA
AFRIQUE DU SUD GHANA OMAN
ALGÉRIE GUINÉE OUGANDA
ANGOLA GUINÉE ÉQUATORIALE OUZBÉKISTAN
ARABIE SAOUDITE GUINÉE-BISSAU PAKISTAN
ARMÉNIE GUYANA PAPOUASIE-NOUVELLE-GUINÉE
AUTORITÉ PALESTINIENNE HAÏTI PHILIPPINES
AZERBAÏDJAN INDE QATAR
BAHREÏN INDONÉSIE RÉPUBLIQUE D’AFRIQUE CENTRALE
BANGLADESH IRAK RÉPUBLIQUE DÉMOCRATIQUE DU CONGO
BELIZE IRAN RÉPUBLIQUE DOMINICAINE
BÉNIN JAMAÏQUE RUSSIE
BHOUTAN JORDANIE RWANDA
BIÉLORUSSIE KAZAKHSTAN SAO TOMÉ-ET-PRINCIPE
BIRMANIE/MYANMAR KENYA SÉNÉGAL
BOLIVIE KIRGHIZSTAN SIERRA LEONE
BOTSWANA KOSOVO SOMALIE
BURKINA FASO KOWEÏT SOUDAN
BURUNDI LAOS SOUDAN DU SUD
CAMBODGE LESOTHO SRI LANKA
CAMEROUN LIBAN SURINAME
CAP VERT LIBERIA SWAZILAND
CHINE LIBYE SYRIE
COMORES MADAGASCAR TADJIKISTAN
CONGO MALAWI TANZANIE
CORÉE DU NORD MALDIVES TCHAD
COTE D’IVOIRE MALI THAÏLANDE
CUBA MAROC TOGO
DJIBOUTI MAURITANIE TUNISIE
ÉGYPTE MONGOLIE TURKMÉNISTAN
ÉQUATEUR MOZAMBIQUE TURQUIE
ÉRYTHRÉE NAMIBIE VIETNAM
ÉTHIOPIE NAURU YÉMEN
FIDJI NÉPAL ZAMBIE
GABON NIGER ZIMBABWE
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Which countries are not affected by the Schengen Visa?

As with every rule, there is an exception, the Schengen Convention also has its own exceptions. This exception applies to a few non-signatory countries Citizens of these countries do not need a visa to stay within the Schengen area. These are the following exempted countries:

Albanie Andorre Argentine
Australie Bermudes Brésil
Brunei Bulgarie Canada
Chili Colombie Costa Rica
El Salvador Chypre Grèce
Guatemala Honduras Islande
Irlande Israël Japon
Macao Macédoine Malaisie
Mexique Moldavie* Monaco
Monténégro Nouvelle-Zélande Nicaragua
Panama Paraguay Roumanie
Saint-Marin Serbie Singapour
Corée du Sud Suisse Royaume-Uni
Irlande du Nord États-Unis Royaume-Uni
Samoa Américaines Guam Porto Rico
Uruguay Vatican Venezuela

*(The visa exemption is only valid for people with biometric passports)

It should be noted that a legal authorization is always required if the person wishes to stay in a Schengen country. It is required under the Convention for a citizen of a member or non-member country, whether or not he needs a Schengen Visa.

A Schengen visa must not exceed 3 months or 90 days every 6 years without any reasons for travel. The Schengen visa does not allow you to work or study in another member country. In addition to the Schengen visa, an airport transit visa is also required for passengers transiting the Schengen area.

This applies to passengers from the following countries:

Afghanistan Bangladesh Congo (Rd)
Érythrée Éthiopie Ghana
Iran Irak Nigeria
Pakistan Somalie Sri Lanka
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What about the Airport Transit Visa?

As with the Schengen visa, the airport transit visa also has exceptions. Consequently, there are cases where airport transit visas are not required:

  • Hold a residence permit from a Schengen member country, a Schengen visa valid for short stays or long stays.
  • Hold a residence permit from countries such as Andorra, Canada, Japan, San Marino or the United States. These countries allow for their nationals to reside anywhere else.
  • Hold a valid Schengen visa or a valid visa authorizing entry into one of the EFTA countries as well as Canada, Japan or the United States, even when returning from those countries after using that visa.
  • Be a family member of the citizen of the European Union. This exception only applies to close family.
  • Hold a diplomatic passport.

Having a family member who is an EU/EEA citizen does not necessarily give access to free entry into the Schengen area without the need for a visa. However, simplified procedures related to the Schengen visa application procedure will be implemented so that the person can quickly obtain his visa. However, this offer only applies to those meeting the following criteria:

  • Be a first-degree family member of the EU/EEA citizen: her/spouse or child under the age of 21.
  • Meet the EU/EEA citizen in the travel destination or country of residence in the Schengen area, holding proof.

Some people have multiple nationalities. The passport used for the relevant trip will be used to determine their nationality. This would lead to whether or not they need a Schengen visa. The use of a passport requiring a Schengen visa requires each passenger to obtain it, even when holding a passport allowing free movement, without a visa.

Note on the D visa, this type of visa allows you to enter a Schengen area. It may also be used to stay there for a period of time. The D visa may only be granted for a legitimate reason.

As for the permit to reside in a country, the holder is allowed to visit any country within of the Schengen area without exceeding the maximum 90 day-stay, every 6 months.

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Travel Insurance is mandatory to obtain a Schengen Visa

To be valid, your Schengen Travel Insurance must be valid for the duration of your stay. It must be for a minimum of €30,000 to cover costs in the event of medical emergencies or hospital treatment.

With Mondialcare, your Schengen Travel Insurance is available with two levels of coverage for medical expenses:

  • €35,000 (ideal for short stays)
  • €100,000 (recommended for stays longer than 6 months)
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Does Mondialcare Schengen Travel Insurance also cover medical and hospitalisation costs caused by COVID-19?

Due to the health situation caused by the COVID-19 pandemic, MondialCare provides full coverage for hospitalisation and medical expenses related to COVID-19.

In addition, it is now mandatory in some countries to present a travel insurance certificate mentioning this coverage, which Mondialcare integrates into all its travel insurance products.

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